Prostate is a small male gland which sits at the base of the bladder, through which urethra passes (through which we pass urine) it’s a size of a walnut.
Prostate grows bigger with age and it puts pressure on the urethra and bladder (urine bag) which then results in symptoms of frequency and urgency urinating, poor stream, dribbling of urine and feeling an incomplete emptying of the bladder and waking up at night to pass urine.
Along with symptoms above, the signs you MUST NOT ignore are
- Passing blood in Urine
- Sudden Weight Loss
- Bone Pain
- Family History of Prostate Cancer
Good news is that a blood test called PSA can help screen for prostate cancer, but it’s not a very accurate test. A doctor looks in combination of the following 3 things to help identify a possibility of prostate cancer.
- PSA Levels
- Examination of the Prostate
- Urinary Symptoms
2 out of 3 patients with high PSA levels do not have prostate cancer
1 in 10 with normal PSA levels may have prostate cancer
PSA test works out better when either the patients have the symptoms mentioned above or they have an abnormal prostate on examination
PSA test levels maybe falsely raised in some circumstances, so consult your doctor before arranging the test such as old age benign enlarged prostate (with age prostate gets bigger) urine infection , post coital , and urinary retention (when patient is unable to pass urine).
-Dr. Zahid Saeed